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Warning: MagpieRSS: Failed to parse RSS file. (Mismatched tag at line 67, column 8) in /home/mscohen/public_html/includes/magpierss/rss_fetch.inc on line 239 Brainmapping.org: News in Neuroscience
A sampling of news stories concerning premiere Neuroscience research
Parasites affect the food web more than you think, UCSB researchers sayhttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86916/Parasites_affect_the_food_web_more_than_you_think_UCSB_researchers_say.htmlParasites are ubiquitous. They feed on virtually every animal and even on each other. Yet, for all the parasites' collective contributions to biomass and biodiversity, conventional food webs don't account for the presence of these tiny and numerous consum…Laughing gas does not increase heart attackshttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86919/Laughing_gas_does_not_increase_heart_attacks.htmlNitrous oxide - best known as laughing gas - is one of the world's oldest and most widely used anesthetics. Despite its popularity, however, experts have questioned its impact on the risk of a heart attack during surgery or soon afterward. But those fears…From San Francisco to Mexico - Bay Area Thrushes nest together, winter together, and face change together.http://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86910/From_San_Francisco_to_Mexico_-_Bay_Area_Thrushes_nest_together_winter_together_and_face_change_together.htmlSwainson' s Thrushes, from a local population near Bolinas, CA, spend their winters together in Mexico, according to a new tracking study released by Point Blue Conservation Science, (Point Blue, formerly PRBO).Brandeis inventor patents anti-cholesterol formulahttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86908/Brandeis_inventor_patents_anti-cholesterol_formula.htmlSenior Brandeis research scientist Daniel Perlman '68 has discovered a way to make phytosterol molecules from plants dispersible in beverages and foods that are consumed by humans, potentially opening the way to dramatic reductions in human cholesterol le…A High-Fat Diet Impairs Memory And Learning In Adolescent Micehttp://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/262065.phpA high-fat diet in adolescence appears to have long-lasting effects on learning and memory during adulthood, a new study in mice finds. The results were presented at The Endocrine Society's 95th Annual Meeting in San Francisco...Overweight Women Who Lose Weight Experience Improved Memoryhttp://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/262073.phpMemory improves in older, overweight women after they lose weight by dieting, and their brain activity actually changes in the regions of the brain that are important for memory tasks, a new study finds. The results were presented at The Endocrine Society…It's the way you tell em': Study discovers how the brain controls accents and impersonationshttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86890/Its_the_way_you_tell_em_Study_discovers_how_the_brain_controls_accents_and_impersonations.htmlA study, led by Royal Holloway University researcher Carolyn McGettigan, has identified the brain regions and interactions involved in impersonations and accents.Fiber-optic pen helps see inside brains of children with learning disabilitieshttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86900/Fiber-optic_pen_helps_see_inside_brains_of_children_with_learning_disabilities.htmlFor less than $100, University of Washington researchers have designed a computer-interfaced drawing pad that helps scientists see inside the brains of children with learning disabilities while they read and write.Iodine in bread not enough for pregnant womenhttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86888/Iodine_in_bread_not_enough_for_pregnant_women.htmlResearch from the University of Adelaide shows that iodized salt used in bread is not enough to provide healthy levels of iodine for pregnant women and their unborn children.Study Shows How the Nanog Protein Promotes Growth of Head and Neck Cancerhttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86889/Study_Shows_How_the_Nanog_Protein_Promotes_Growth_of_Head_and_Neck_Cancer.htmlA new study led by researchers at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC-James) has identified a biochemical pathway in cancer stem cells that is essential f…The secret of DNA methylationhttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86878/The_secret_of_DNA_methylation.htmlMethylation refers to a chemical modification of DNA and this modification can occur in millions of positions in the DNA sequence.Timely treatment after stroke is crucial, UCLA researchers reporthttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86917/Timely_treatment_after_stroke_is_crucial_UCLA_researchers_report.htmlFor years, the mantra of neurologists treating stroke victims has been "time equals brain." That's because getting a patient to the emergency room quickly to receive a drug that dissolves the stroke-causing blood clot can make a significant difference in …Scientists catch EGFR passing a crucial message to cancer-promoting proteinhttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86912/Scientists_catch_EGFR_passing_a_crucial_message_to_cancer-promoting_protein.htmlResearchers have discovered and mapped the signaling network between two previously unconnected proteins, exposing a link that, if broken, could cut off cancer cell growth at its starting point.Early-life air pollution linked with childhood asthma in minorities, in studyhttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86904/Early-life_air_pollution_linked_with_childhood_asthma_in_minorities_in_study.htmlA research team led by UCSF scientists has found that exposure in infancy to nitrogen dioxide (NO2), a component of motor vehicle air pollution, is strongly linked with later development of childhood asthma among African Americans and Latinos. Memory Loss In Alzheimer's Recovered By Blocking Overactive Receptorhttp://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/262113.phpA new study shows that memory pathology in older mice with Alzheimer's disease can be reversed with treatment...Bullying and suicide among youth is a public health problemhttp://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-06/ehs-bas061713.phpRecent studies linking bullying and depression, coupled with extensive media coverage of bullying-related suicide among young people, led to a CDC-assembled expert panel to synthesize the latest research about the complex relationship between youth involv…Laughing gas does not increase heart attackshttp://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-06/wuso-lgd061713.phpNitrous oxide (laughing gas) is one of the world's oldest and most widely used anesthetics, but concerns that it raises the risk of a heart attack during surgery or soon afterward are unfounded, according to a new study from researchers at Washington Univ…Mars had oxygen-rich atmosphere 4,000 million years agohttp://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-06/uoo-mho061813.phpDifferences between Martian meteorites and rocks examined by a NASA rover can be explained if Mars had an oxygen-rich atmosphere 4,000 million years ago -- well before the rise of atmospheric oxygen on Earth 2,500 million years ago.Genetic 'off switch' linked to increased risk factors for heart diseasehttp://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-06/aha-gs061813.phpPeople with a gene that has been turned off through a natural process maybe at higher risk of heart and blood-vessel disease. The affected gene, called CPT1A, makes a liver enzyme which, at low levels, is linked to increased risk factors for heart and bl…Higher strength statins do not increase risk of kidney injuryhttp://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-06/aha-hss061813.phpA higher strength of cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins did not increase the risk of kidney injury after heart attack. These findings may reassure doctors and patients of the safety of higher strength statins among heart attack survivors.Biologists identify the chemical behind cancer resistance in naked mole ratshttp://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-06/uor-bit061713.phpTwo researchers at the University of Rochester have discovered the chemical that makes naked mole rats cancer-proof.Validating maps of the brain's resting statehttp://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-06/vu-vmo061713.phpA team of Vanderbilt researchers has provided important validation of maps of the brain at rest that may offer insights into changes in the brain that occur in neurological and psychiatric disorders.In Postmenopausal Women, Testosterone Improves Verbal Learning And Memoryhttp://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/262130.phpPostmenopausal women had better improvement in verbal learning and memory after receiving treatment with testosterone gel, compared with women who received sham treatment with a placebo, a new study found. Results were presented at The Endocrine Society's…Nerve Cell Properties Altered By Diet Restored By Bariatric Surgeryhttp://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/262100.phpUnderstanding how gastric bypass surgery changes the properties of nerve cells that help regulate the digestive system could lead to new treatments that produce the same results without surgery, according to Penn State College of Medicine scientists, who …Scientists find new source of versatility so 'floppy' proteins can get things donehttp://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-06/sri-sfn061213.phpMany proteins work like Swiss Army knives, fitting multiple functions into their elaborately folded structures. A bit mysteriously, some proteins manage to multitask even with structures that are unfolded and floppy -- "intrinsically disordered." In this …Making memories: Practical quantum computing moves closer to realityhttp://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-06/dc-mmp061713.phpResearchers at the University of Sydney and Dartmouth College have developed a new way to design quantum memory, bringing quantum computers a step closer to reality.CAMH policy study outlines ways to reduce alcohol harmshttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86907/CAMH_policy_study_outlines_ways_to_reduce_alcohol_harms.htmlThe Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) has released a summary report outlining policy strategies to reduce the harms related to alcohol, with a focus on the province of Ontario, Canada. Beliefs About Causes of Obesity May Impact Weight, Eating Behaviorhttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86892/Beliefs_About_Causes_of_Obesity_May_Impact_Weight_Eating_Behavior.htmlWhether a person believes obesity is caused by overeating or by a lack of exercise predicts his or her actual body mass, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.New concussion data: 2 biomarkers better than 1http://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86895/New_concussion_data_2_biomarkers_better_than_1.htmlScientists are scrambling to gather data for the FDA to support the need for a blood test to diagnose brain injury in the United States.In vivo cardiac reprogramming contributes to zebrafish heart regenerationhttp://feeds.nature.com/~r/nature/rss/aop/~3/59nFfyHBU8M/nature12322Despite current treatment regimens, heart failure remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed world due to the limited capacity of adult mammalian ventricular cardiomyocytes to divide and replace ventricular myocardium lost from …High-molecular-mass hyaluronan mediates the cancer resistance of the naked mole rathttp://feeds.nature.com/~r/nature/rss/aop/~3/PKsJTCoXBFw/nature12234The naked mole rat (Heterocephalus glaber) displays exceptional longevity, with a maximum lifespan exceeding 30?years. This is the longest reported lifespan for a rodent species and is especially striking considering the small body mass of the naked mole …Storytelling program helps change medical students' perspectives on dementiahttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86887/Storytelling_program_helps_change_medical_students_perspectives_on_dementia.htmlTreating patients with dementia can be viewed as a difficult task for doctors, but Penn State College of Medicine researchers say that storytelling may be one way to improve medical students' perceptions of people affected by the condition.Feline behavior experts release guidelines to improve the welfare of catshttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86880/Feline_behavior_experts_release_guidelines_to_improve_the_welfare_of_cats.htmlA team of internationally recognized feline experts including veterinarians and feline scientists co-chaired by Dr Sarah Ellis from the University of Lincoln, U.K. and Dr Ilona Rodan, Director of Cat Care Clinic, Wisconsin, U.S.A. were invited by the Inte…Tackling a framework for surgical innovationhttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86898/Tackling_a_framework_for_surgical_innovation.htmlAn international team of investigators co-led by Weill Cornell Medical College is offering a new framework for evidence-based surgery and device research, similar to the kind of risk and benefit analysis used in evidence-based medicine.Entanglement between light and an optical atomic excitationhttp://feeds.nature.com/~r/nature/rss/aop/~3/x8-mIkX6dHM/nature12227The generation, distribution and control of entanglement across quantum networks is one of the main goals of quantum information science. In previous studies, hyperfine ground states of single atoms or atomic ensembles have been entangled with spontaneous…Temporal patterning of Drosophila medulla neuroblasts controls neural fateshttp://feeds.nature.com/~r/nature/rss/aop/~3/SMyEJ71aJoY/nature12319Five transcription factors are sequentially expressed in a temporal cascade in Drosophila medulla neuroblasts of the visual system; cross-regulations between these transcription factors control the temporal transitions, and temporal switching of neural pr…Regenerative medicine: Heartbroken embryos healhttp://feeds.nature.com/~r/nature/rss/aop/~3/P6UqQTXe4MU/nature12262An area of injured heart in zebrafish embryos repairs itself using cells from neighbouring areas. The regenerating cells seem to originate from an intermediate progenitor-cell population.New drug could help AMD sufferershttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86906/New_drug_could_help_AMD_sufferers.htmlThere is no cure for age-related macular degeneration, an eye disease that is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness in older Americans.Neuroscience: Stem cells in multiple time zoneshttp://feeds.nature.com/~r/nature/rss/aop/~3/vyX9n9FmZFA/nature12261In fruitfly larvae, neural stem cells generate different cell types at different times. It emerges that these temporal progressions are controlled by multiple cascades of gene transcription factors.Quantum physics: Spooky action gets collectivehttp://feeds.nature.com/~r/nature/rss/aop/~3/aom53WndpiQ/nature12259Thousands of atoms in a gas can share a single Rydberg excitation. Quantum entanglement between such an excitation and a single photon has now been realized deterministically.Combinatorial temporal patterning in progenitors expands neural diversityhttp://feeds.nature.com/~r/nature/rss/aop/~3/TNbQQEzCw6A/nature12266Drosophila neural stem cells and their proliferative progeny are both shown to change over time, thus increasing the diversity of their neuronal and glial progeny; such temporal patterning may also contribute to neuronal complexity in the human neocortex.Making memories: Practical quantum computing moves closer to realityhttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86918/Making_memories_Practical_quantum_computing_moves_closer_to_reality.htmlResearchers at the University of Sydney and Dartmouth College have developed a new way to design quantum memory, bringing quantum computers a step closer to reality. The results will appear June 19 in the journal Nature Communications.Why is it easier to lose 2-4 pounds rather than 3 pounds?http://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86883/Why_is_it_easier_to_lose_2-4_pounds_rather_than_3_pounds.htmlConsumers are more likely to pursue goals when they are ambitious yet flexible, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.Chemical probe confirms that body makes its own rotten egg gas, H2S, to benefit healthhttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86901/Chemical_probe_confirms_that_body_makes_its_own_rotten_egg_gas_H2S_to_benefit_health.htmlA new study confirms directly what scientists previously knew only indirectly: The poisonous "rotten egg" gas hydrogen sulfide is generated by our body's growing cells.Bullying and suicide among youth is a public health problemhttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86920/Bullying_and_suicide_among_youth_is_a_public_health_problem.htmlRecent studies linking bullying and depression, coupled with extensive media coverage of bullying-related suicide among young people, led the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to assemble an expert panel to focus on these issues.Atherosclerosis in abdominal aorta may predict adverse cardiovascular events, UTSW scientists reporthttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86899/Atherosclerosis_in_abdominal_aorta_may_predict_adverse_cardiovascular_events_UTSW_scientists_report.htmlMagnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of aortic atherosclerosis can predict the risk of heart attacks and other cardiovascular events in otherwise healthy individuals, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found.Whooping cough has lifelong health impact, study findshttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86881/Whooping_cough_has_lifelong_health_impact_study_finds.htmlPeople born during whooping cough outbreaks are more likely to die prematurely even if they survive into adulthood, research at Lund University in Sweden has found.Scientists find new tool to measure sugar consumptionhttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86914/Scientists_find_new_tool_to_measure_sugar_consumption.htmlScientists at the University of Alaska Fairbanks identified a new tool that can dramatically improve the notoriously inaccurate surveys of what and how much an individual eats and drinks.Free perks and upgrades: Could they actually embarrass consumers?http://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86884/Free_perks_and_upgrades_Could_they_actually_embarrass_consumers.htmlConsumers may not enjoy receiving free perks or upgrades in public, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.NOAA, partners predict possible record-setting deadzone for Gulf of Mexicohttp://www.brightsurf.com/news/headlines/86909/NOAA_partners_predict_possible_record-setting_deadzone_for_Gulf_of_Mexico.htmlScientists are expecting a very large "dead zone" in the Gulf of Mexico and a smaller than average hypoxic level in the Chesapeake Bay this year, based on several NOAA-supported forecast models.